Research article

Educational aid, symbolic power and policy reform: The World Bank in Ethiopia

Author
  • Tebeje Molla

Abstract

The World Bank uses a combination of financial and non-financial aid to influence educational reform in aid-recipient countries. Drawing on an interpretive policy analysis methodology and using Pierre Bourdieu's concept of symbolic power as a 'thinking tool', this article aims to shed light on the Bank's non-financial pathways of policy influence in the Ethiopian higher education policy space. Specifically, it identifies knowledge-based policy regulatory instruments of the Bank, including sector reviews, advisory activities, analytical reports and learning events. The key argument is that in order to understand the full extent of donor power in national education policy fields in sub-Saharan Africa, it is imperative to problematize less visible discursive means of policy imposition.

Keywords: ETHIOPIA, WORLD BANK, DEVELOPMENT AID, HIGHER EDUCATION REFORM, SYMBOLIC POWER, BOURDIEU

How to Cite:

Molla, T., (2019) “Educational aid, symbolic power and policy reform: The World Bank in Ethiopia”, London Review of Education 17(3), 331–346. doi: https://doi.org/10.18546/LRE.17.3.09

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Published on
01 Nov 2019
Peer Reviewed
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